Gohar Sargol (All-Red) Saffron
For centuries, the southern Khorasan in Iran is a leading pioneer in the production of the best saffron in the world. For this reason, Qia’at is called the world’s saffron capital. Saffron is not the same in all kind of the quality and strength. Saffron of Iran has different grades, which varies according to the type of harvest. It has its own smell and aroma, which the smell may decreases after a short time. with stroking the saffron , this fragrance will come back.
Saffron has medicinal properties and food color. Saffron is basically anti-depressant and refreshing to help improve gastrointestinal function.
Iranians, while exporting saffron to many parts of the ancient world, introduced the properties to the Greeks, Romans, Chinese, and Sami people, including Arabs.
Saffron is used extensively in foods (especially rice), confectionery, pharmaceuticals and other industries for its taste, smell and yellow color.
Types of Saffron
In Iran, saffron produced in many ways is divided into several forms. One of the oldest terms used in this field is (red part and white or yellow part of saffron), which is also called saffron in Persian and is known abroad as Bunch or Red & White saffron. In fact, the red part in this type of saffron should be between 75-70% and the root or cornea is about 25-30%. This kind of saffron is called *pushal saffron*.
The newer names of saffron were sorgol Saffron, which was produced from the *saffron Bunch(Dasteh saffron)*, in that it separated the yellow parts with scissors and then separated using static electricity, and obtained cleaner and completely red, which in English It’s called *All-Red saffron*, and it’s similar to a saffron called Coupé.